Despite the obstacles that could hinder the implementation of the R-ARCSS, there are a large number of factors that will ensure that the agreement achieves its overall goal of laying the foundation for a unified, peaceful and prosperous South Sudan. We must also do everything in our power to meet the growing humanitarian needs and the parties must ensure safe and unhindered humanitarian access throughout the country. This, of course, implies the protection of humanitarian workers, for which we must not relax our efforts. It is also essential to continue to demonstrate that the perpetrators of the crimes committed in this conflict must be brought to justice. There can be no impunity. The expanded nature of the UN-GBT provided for in the R-ARCSS may be a stumbling blocks in the pursuit of the objectives of the agreement. It is easy to understand that the Enlarged Bureau, cabinet and Parliament were deliberately designed to pragmatically adapt to the pro-Russian bed of South Sudanese political reality. Budgetary resources to support and maintain a Government of five Vice-Presidents; 45 ministers (including deputy ministers); 550 MPs; and several transitional commissions, bodies and committees will certainly be painful for a country already subject to arrears of more than 17 billion South Sudanese pounds (a surplus of 130 million US dollars), consisting of « three months of national salaries, five months of state transfers and twelve months of embassy salaries », including members of the Transitional National Assembly.11 With the previous peace agreement (ARCSS), which has already used 1.6 billion South Sudanese pounds. In the first three quarters of the 2017/1812 financial year, in a context of slowing economic activity, an additional financial burden would be heavy and heavy. This weakens the government`s ability and ability to implement the peace agreement. As I acknowledged in South Sudan`s national budget speech for 2018/2019, 2/ The second important point I would like to address is the humanitarian aspect.
The conflict in South Sudan continues to cause terrible suffering to the people of that country, especially women and children. More than half of the population is food insecure and a third of South Sudanese remain at large or at large. The increase in the number of voluntary returns is encouraging, but we regret that, at the same time, inter-communal violence is leading to further forced displacement. The implementation of the R-ARCSS rules relating to the establishment of the CTRH, the HCSS and the Cra will promote justice, unity, reconciliation and impunity. This will achieve the objectives of the Agreement, as justice, reconciliation and national healing are important in any peacebuilding process. In substance and substance, the R-ARCSS is a solid pact, as it contains the procedural, substantive and institutional elements necessary for the establishment of a lasting peace agreement. It is an enabler. What is needed next is political will and commitment to implement the letter and spirit of the agreement. The agreement has reduced violence in most parts of the country; But civilians bear most of the continuing fighting, and a disturbing pattern of sexual violence persists. . . .